Bodbe, about two km from Sighnaghi, has a 5th century convent that shelters the remains of St. Nino, who converted the King and Queen to Christianity in the 4th Century. The convent was rebuilt between the 9th and 11th centuries. George tells me that all that remains from the 5th century is the foundation. It, and St. Nino’s spring, a constant source of holy water a few hundred meters away are pilgrimage points. The chapel’s frescoes are from the 1820s. The Soviets plastered them over and used the building as a hospital. Some of the frescoes have been restored. The … Continue reading Bodbe Monastery (St. Nino’s Convent), Georgia
At Alaverdi, on the other side of the pass we visited a monastery that has a cathedral within its walls. Until the new Tbilisi Cathedral it was the tallest Georgian church. It, like the Tbilisi church, has a soaring feeling of light even though the walls are decorated with frescoes. These frescoes were covered with whitewash or plaster by Moslem invaders, restored, and covered again by the Communists. A monk Joseph (Yoseb) Alaverdeli founded the cathedral. But Alaverdi has another meaning in Arabic “God Provides.” God provides good grape and Alaverdi Monastery is at the center of Georgia’s wine industry. … Continue reading Alaverdi Monastery and Cathedral, Georgia
On Sunday I took another road trip. I was the passenger in a Japanese, steering wheel on the right, Mitsubishi 4X4. So I was the one facing traffic. The pass other vehicles the driver pulled out into the oncoming lane so he could see if there was any oncoming traffic, and if needed quickly duck back in to avoid the head on. I, of course, being in the “driver’s seat” saw it all coming — head on. On broad curves to the right the driver pulled to the right to look around the truck in front. If he didn’t see … Continue reading Gombori Pass, Georgia.
I walked back to the hotel, down steep streets toward the glass domed presidential palace. A lot of the streets on my map were closed for security so I followed several dead ends but got to where I wanted to be, the upper entrance to the Rike Park Theater and Exhibition Hall. I have described this building as looking like two tubes, or perhaps jug mouths, pouring culture down into the river from just below the presidential palace. There’s been enough progress on the building that I can tell that the main entry is at the bottom of the hill … Continue reading Rike Park Theater and Exhibition Hall, Tbilisi, Georgia.
I had waited for the number 4 minibus for a long time so I decided to spend 10 times the amount and take a cab to the Sameba (Holy Trinity) Cathedral. Georgians say it is the largest Orthodox Church in the world. Serbs dispute that saying St. Sava is bigger. Sameba Cathedral has a tall tower with a gilded cupola that reflects sun in the day and floodlight at night. It dominates Tbilisi. As the cab followed the route the mini-bus would have taken I discovered the problem. Police were rerouting traffic. The mini-bus was not going to stop at … Continue reading Sameba (Holy Trinity) Cathedral, Tbilisi, Georgia
The 14th century Gergetis Sameba (Gergeti Trinity) walled monastery sits above Kazbegi and below Mt. Kazbeg at 7120 feet above sea level – and reflects light from a glacier that hangs 2,800 feet above the monastery. The monastery was a place of refuge for icons and relics from the Mksheka Cathedral (Perhaps including St. Andrew’s foot) when southern Georgia was overrun by Turks, Persians or Arabs. In 1988 the Soviets built an aerial tramway to the monastery but when Georgia broke away from the Soviet Union the residents tore it down. For them pilgrimage should not be easy. The tramway … Continue reading Gergetis Sameba Monastery, Georgia
The town closest to the Russian Border on the Georgian Military Road is Stephantsminda. Most people still call it Kazbegi. The town itself is not particularly pretty with rundown buildings, jumbles of electric wires and a jungle gym of above ground natural gas pipes typical of old Soviet towns. The natural setting makes up for the open infrastructure. It sits at the foot of Mt. Kazbeg which rises to 16,512 feet. However the town’s main attraction is not the mountain but the 14th century Gergetis Sameba (Gergeti Trinity) walled monastery that sits above the town and below the big mountain … Continue reading Stephantsminda (Kazbegi), Georgia
I rode up The Georgian Military Road 6 months ago in the March snows. The Russians built it in 1799. Watch towers on hills provide line of sight communication from the border to Tbilisi. We drove across Jvari Pass, at 7815 ft. A Soviet monument of mosaics highlights Russian and Georgian history, celebrating the military road that carried Russian troops to help protect the Georgian kingdom from Moslems, and then helped them impose Russian rule in 1801. The road was crucial to the economic development of Georgia. The road in the pass is under reconstruction. Many of the tunnels, lined with … Continue reading Jvari Pass, Georgian Military Road
tThe Georgian Military Road connects Tbilisi with the Russian Border. It was started in 1799. In 1801 Russia annexed the Kingdom of Georgia. I rode up the Georgian Military Road last March and took pictures of some of the same watchtowers, churches and mountainsides in the snow. Now you can see them in the summer. These pictures are taken south of Gudauri, which is the ski area where I traveled last March. I did not get north of the ski area. I missed a lot. The next post has pictures from North of Gudauri Continue reading Georgian Military Road in the Summer
Ananuri, a citadel used to sit on a ridge above a river that has been dammed so now sits on a point in the Zhinvili Reservoir. The town that it towered over is underwater. The Church of the Assumption was used as a barn in Soviet times and the frescos were whitewashed. Some have now been uncovered. The carvings on the outside walls of the Assumption Church include a huge cross visible from the highway and grape vines loaded with fruit. Nicholas says the reason Georgians greet guests with wine is in commemoration of the Eucharist. Each greeting is a … Continue reading Ananuri Citadel and the Church of the Assumption, Georgia
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral in Mksheka is the mother church of Georgian Orthodoxy. St. Nino converted the King and Queen there. I posted pictures from here in May but I had no pics from inside the church. Nicholas, my cab driver, spoke good English and he arranged permission for me to take pictures if I did not use a flash. There was a service in progress. It was conducted in Russian but the choir sang Georgian hymns. Nicholas pointed out one very strange and old fresco with three concentric circles. The Trinity sat in the bull’s eye, between the inner and middle circles, the … Continue reading Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, Mksheka, Georgia
The key to overcoming jet lag is to keep pushing. I arrived in Tbilisi at 3 AM Saturday morning and was in bed by 4:30. I forced myself to get up at 11:30 AM even though it was bedtime in Sitka, (12 hour difference) and tried to figure out something that would keep me interested and awake until bedtime in Tbilisi, which is just when I would be getting my second wind because it’s time to get up in Sitka. I hopped on a marshruka (mini-bus) at Freedom Square and headed up to the lower terminus of Tbilisi’s funicular railway. … Continue reading Tbilisi Funicular Railway
I have been traveling to Georgia for more than a dozen years. I first visited in the wake of the Rose Revolution. Take the time to scroll down to some of my posts. You will see pics from my first … Continue reading Georgia
Jvari (Holy Cross) Church is near Tbilisi, about a three hour walk or half hour drive. It looms over Mtskheta. Before Georgia became reasonably prosperous it used to be a full day excursion, now it a common picnic spot for people wanting to get out of town for an hour or two. It is the spot where the King Mirian, who was converted to Christianity by St. Nino and, in turn made Georgian a Christian nation (Georgia was a “Christian” country before Rome) erected a cross to mark his, and his nation’s conversion. The church itself was built to shelter … Continue reading Mtskheta and Jvari Church, Georgia, 2013.
Georgia has beautiful countryside. In spring rolling green fields lead to the still snowcapped Caucasian Mountains. Flowers and flowering trees are in bloom. Between towns there are citadels and castles in varying degrees of decay and on hilltops monasteries and churches. In contract to the countryside Georgian towns can be less than picturesque, with abandoned Soviet factories, an industrial wasteland, on town outskirts oddly punctuated with massive works of Socialist Realism art, including a huge mural of Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space. Georgian towns, like many former Soviet towns, have utilities above ground, including the pipes … Continue reading Georgian Road Trip, May, 2013
Text for this post is under Georgian Road Trip. Continue reading Bagrati Cathedral and Citadel, Kutaisi, Georgia, May 2013
Text for this post is under Georgian Road Trip. Continue reading Georgia, May 2003, Lunch
Text for this post is under Georgian Road Trip. Continue reading Georgia, 2013, Roadside Commerce
Text for this post is under Georgian Road Trip Continue reading Georgia 2013, Socialist Realism
The last time I was in Tbilisi, in November, I watched the progression of autumn as trees turned, leaves fell and the winds grew cold. I am watching the reverse this March. I snowed on and off the first week I was here and I could see snow sticking on the hills above Tbilisi. The weather has turned, it is in the 60s, sunny and the green lace and blossoms are beginning to appear on those same trees. I had a cold much of the first week so I went to work went home and didn’t have many adventures. I’m … Continue reading Tbilisi, Georgia, March 16, 2013
Friday was a holiday in Georgia, International Women’s Day. The Georgian Institute of Public Affairs, GIPA the University where I’m doing some work, takes the holiday for a ski excursion to Gudauri. ( გუდაური in the Georgian alphabet, the word looks beautiful, I hope your computer can decipher it.) The busses gathered at 8 AM at the Radisson Hotel on Rose Revolution Square, on the other end of Rustaveli Street from where I am staying on Freedom Square. I was not sure how long a walk it would be. I’ve walked it many times but never without interruption. Rustaveli Street … Continue reading Gudauri Ski Area, Georgia.
The Georgian Military Road, an ancient trade route over the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Pliny wrote of it. In 1799 Russian Tsar Alexander I ordered the road paved and the rivers bridged as the Russian Empire annexed Georgia and moved further into Armenia. The road was “completed” (If such a road is ever completed) in 1817. It is one of the highest paved highways in Europe. There are watchtowers along the route as it travels river valleys and switchbacks up mountain sides. The road passes the Zhinvali River Dam and we had one cigarette break the Ananuri Fortress-Monastery which was a … Continue reading Georgian Military Road
For the text to explain these pictures please see the post on Gudauri Ski Area. Continue reading Rustaveli Avenue on International Women’s Day
March 3, 2013, Tbilisi, Georgia Historically travel has always been arduous. But for a brief period, for a certain social class, travel was glamorous. “Getting there is half the fun” Cunard crowed in mid-century ads. Flying, jet setting had a certain cache. Super Graphics from the airports in early 70’s had fashionable young people in shades and Italian designer cloths smiling as they walked to planes. Today, at SeaTac there is the graphic of a cartoon character, sweating, lugging a suitcase, looking completely harried. It’s an honest, and funny, presentation of flying today and brought more than a few chuckles. … Continue reading Travel from Sitka to Tbilisi.